Laparoscopy is inspection of uterine cavity using optical devices by opening a small hole on the abdominal wall with anesthesia. As it can be understood from the definition, it enables seeing the phenomena inside the abdomen and making diagnosis.
Generally, the first stage is used for diagnosis in the second stage in women with abdominal pain and previous pelvic infection history after infertility tests. Endometriosis enables the doctor to diagnose and heal several gynecologic problems such as uterine myoma, ovary cysts, intrauterine adhesiveness and ectopic pregnancy. One of the most important advantages of laparoscopy is the short hospitalization period and that the patient is able to go back to normal life activities within a few days.
Hysteroscopy is the inspection of uterine cavity with a special optical device called hysteroscope. It is performed under local anesthesia or general anesthesia. Generally, the operation does not take longer than 30 minutes.
During the implementation of the method, speculum is placed in the vagina and vagina is disinfected. 3-5 mm thick hysteroscope is penetrated into the womb through the cervix. CO2 gas or special liquids supplied through hysteroscope channel are used to swell up the uterine cavity. The image captured with hysteroscope is transferred to the monitor via optical-camera system.